History of Srinivasa Ramanujan and Celebration of National Mathematics Day

Srinivasa Ramanujan and The National Mathematics Day - The Man Who Know Infinity

Srinivasa Ramanujan is a name that is often associated with brilliance and innovation in the field of mathematics. He remains one of the most revered figures in the history of the subject. He was born on December 22, 1887, in Erode, Tamil Nadu, India. Ramanujan's life and contributions have become a source of inspiration for mathematicians and enthusiasts all over the world. In this text, we will delve into the fascinating story of Ramanujan and explore the history and significance of Maths Day, which is a celebration that honours his enduring legacy.

Srinivasa Ramanujan: A Mathematical Prodigy:

Ramanujan showed an exceptional inclination towards mathematics from a very young age. Despite being mainly self-taught, he had an unparalleled ability to understand complex mathematical concepts intuitively. Despite facing multiple challenges, including limited formal education and financial constraints, Ramanujan's genius could not be suppressed.

His work mainly concentrated on number theory, mathematical analysis, and modular forms. Ramanujan made groundbreaking contributions to the field with his insights into infinite series, continued fractions, and mock theta functions. His collaboration with British mathematician G.H. Hardy in the early 20th century led to the publication of numerous theorems, further cementing his place in mathematical history.

The Hardy-Ramanujan Partnership:

G.H. Hardy invited Ramanujan, recognizing his exceptional talent in mathematics, to collaborate with him at Cambridge University. During their collaboration, Ramanujan presented Hardy with numerous theorems, formulas, and conjectures. Among these, the famous Ramanujan-Hardy number, 1729, is particularly noteworthy. It is the smallest positive integer that can be expressed as the sum of two cubes in two different ways, hence it is also known as the "Hardy-Ramanujan Number."

National Mathematics Day:

India celebrates National Mathematics Day every year on December 22, the birth anniversary of the famous mathematician, Srinivasa Ramanujan. This day was officially declared by former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in 2012 to promote the significance of mathematics and honour Ramanujan's legacy. The primary objective of National Mathematics Day is to cultivate a sense of appreciation for mathematics among students and the general public.

Significance of Maths Day:

National Mathematics Day is a day of celebration to honour the contributions of the great mathematician Ramanujan. It is also an opportunity to reflect on the broader impact of mathematics on different aspects of our lives. The celebration includes seminars, workshops, and mathematical activities aimed at fostering a deeper understanding and appreciation of the subject. Educational institutions, mathematicians, and enthusiasts come together to explore the beauty and intricacies of mathematics.


Today, as we celebrate National Mathematics Day, we pay tribute to the brilliance of Srinivasa Ramanujan. His life serves as a testament to the power of passion, determination, and natural talent in overcoming obstacles. This day is a reminder of the enduring significance of mathematics in shaping our understanding of the world. Let us continue to unravel the mysteries of numbers, inspired by the remarkable legacy of Ramanujan. 

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