Indian Grandmaster Viswanathan Anand today retained the World Chess Championship title, his fifth crown and fourth in a row, after beating Israel's Boris Gelfand in a tense rapid game tie-breaker here today.
Anand beat Gelfand 2.5-1.5 in rapid chess tie-breaker at the Tretyakov Gallery here after the two Grandmasters ended the 12-game championship match with a 6-6 stalemate.
The first game of the tie-breaker ended in a draw in 33 moves before Anand beat Gelfand in the second game in 77 moves. The two of the remaining four-game rapid chess tie-breaker ended in a draw as Anand successfully defended his world championship title for the third time in a row.
This was 42-year-old Anand's fifth World Championships title and fourth crown in a row. The Indian chess wizard bagged his first world title in 2000 before winning three in a row in 2007, 2008 and 2010. He has been the world champion since 2007.
Anand will pocket approximately USD 1.4 million -- 55 per cent of the total prize fund of USD 2.55 million -- while Gelfand will get the remaining amount.
The living legend of Chess, Viswanathan Anand was born on December 11, 1969 in Chennai. He will be crowned as the World No.1 player when the new rankings are released in April 2007. His awesome speed has earned him the nickname "Lightning Kid." In March 2007, Anand won the Morelia-Linares Super Grandmasters chess tournament. He showed his genius early on as a child when he won the National Sub-Junior Chess Championship in 1983 at the age of fourteen. In 1984, Anand went on to become the youngest Indian to win the International Master Title. He became the National Champion at the age of sixteen.
- Became India's first Grandmaster in 1988
- Became the first Indian to win the FIDE World Chess Championship in 2000
- Won , the Chess Oscar many times
- World Chess Champion in 2007 and 2008
Early Years Of Career In Chess
Viswanathan Anand's rise in the Indian chess world is dramatic. He gained national recognition at an early age, when won the National Sub-Junior Chess Championship in 1983, at the age of fourteen. In the following year, he became the youngest Indian to be entitled to the International Master (IM) Title. He became the National Chess Champion at sixteen, and went on to receive the title twice more, thereafter. In 1987, Anand became won the World Junior Chess Championship, which made him the first Indian to reach the height.
In 1988, Viswanathan Anand became the first Grandmaster of India, by winning the International Chess tournament held in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. This achievement won him one of India's most prestigious civilian awards - the Padma Shri. The following decade proved to be the golden period for Anand. It was at this time, when he registered continuous wins at coveted tournaments. He entered the World Chess Championship competitions in 1993 and rubbed shoulders with some of the biggest names in the World Chess, including Gary Kasparov and Anatoly Karpov.
A graduate in Commerce, Viswanathan Anand is fond of reading, swimming and listening to music. He is married to Aruna, with whom he is living in Collado Mediano, Spain.
- 1986: Arab-Asian International Chess Championship
- 1987: Sakthi Finance Grandmasters Chess Tournament
- 1988: 5 Hoogovens Chess Tournament
- 1989: 2nd Asian Active Chess Championship, Hong Kong
- 1990: Gold Medal in Asian Zonal Championship
- 1990: Manchester Chess Festival, Manchester
- 1990: Triveni Super Grandmasters Tournament, Delhi Joint
- 1991: World Chess Championship, Brussels Quarter Finalist
- 1992: Reggio Emilia Chess Tournament, Reggio Emilia
- 1992: Goodrich Open International Tournament, Calcutta
- 1992: Alekhine Memorial, Moscow
- 1993: PCA Interzonal, Groningen
- 1994: Melody Amber Tournament, Monaco
- 1994: World Championship Candidates Cycle, Linares
- 1994: PCA Grand Prix, Moscow
- 1995: PCA Candidates Final, Las Palmas
- 1996: Dortmunder Schachtage, Dortmund
- 1996: Credit Swiss Rapid Chess Grand Prix, Geneva
- 1996: Torneo Magistral de Ajedrez, Leon
- 1997: Torneo de Ajedrex, Dos Hermanes
- 1997: Melody Amber Tournament, Monaco
- 1997: Aegon Man vs Computers Chess Event
- 1997: Chess Classic Rapid Tournament, Frankfurt
- 1997: Invesbanka Chess tournament, Belgrade
- 1997: Credit Suisse Classic Tournament, Biel
- 1997: Knock-Out Championship, Groningen
- 1998: FIDE World Chess Championship (Finalist)
- 1998: 60th Hoogoven's Schaak Tornoi, Wijk Aan Zee
- 1998: Torneo International De Ajedrez, Linares
- 1998: Torneo Magitral Communidad De Madrid, Madrid
- 1998: Siemens Nixdorf Duell (Rapid), Frankfurt
- 1998: Fontys-Tilburg International Chess Tournament
- 1999: Wydra Memorial Chess (Rapid), Haifa
- 1999: Torneo Magistral de Ajedrez, Leon
- 2000: Wydra International Tournament (Rapid), Haifa
- 2000: Torneo Magistral de Ajedrez, Leon
- 2004: Corus Chess Tournament, Wijk Aan Zee
- 2004: Dortmunder Schachtage, Dortmund
- 2004: Chess Classic (Rapid), Mainz beat Alexei Shirov 4.5:2.5
- 2004: Corsica Masters, Bastia
- 2005: 18th Magistral Ciudad de Leon Chess, Leon
- 2005: Chess Classic, Mainz
- 2005: FIDE World Chess Championship Tournament, San Luis (Runner-up to Topalov)
- 2006: Corus Chess Tournament, Wijk Aan Zee (Joint with Veselin Topalov)
- 2006: Melody Amber Tournament, Monaco (Joint with Alexander Morozevich)
- 2006: 19th Magistral Ciudad de Leon Chess, Leon
- 2006: Chess Classic (Rapid), Mainz
- 2006: Mikhail Tal Memorial Blitz Tournament, Moscow
- 2007: Morelia-Linares Super Grandmaster Tournament, Linares
- 2007: 20th Magistral Ciudad de Leon Chess, Leon beat Topalov
- 2007: Chess Classic (Rapid), Mainz
- 2008: Morelia-Linares Super Grandmaster Tournament, Linares
- 2008: Chess Classic (Rapid), Mainz
- 1985: Arjuna award for Outstanding Indian Sportsman in Chess
- 1987: Padma Shri, National Citizens Award and Soviet Land Nehru Award
- 1991-1992: Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award
- 1998: British Chess Federation 'Book of the Year' Award for his book 'My Best Games of Chess'
- 2000: Padma Bhushan
- 2001: Jameo de Oro the highest honor given by the Government of Lanzarote in Spain
- 1997, 1998, 2003, 2004, 2007 and 2008: Chess Oscar
- 1998: Sportstar Millennium Award
- 2007: Padma Vibhushan